SA’s logistics sector is weathering the storm despite myriad challenges
There is no doubt that Covid-19 has caused all kinds of havoc in the logistics sector.
We are still facing enormous backlogs, not just in South Africa but globally. Cargo and containers continue to be held up in America as well as the UK, which is also burdened by a shortage of truck drivers as a consequence of Brexit.
Not only have we felt the effects of the US, UK and Europe closing their borders, but the airline industry has also moved away from having dedicated freighters, choosing instead to reconfigure fleets. This has presented challenges in terms of availability of capacity into South Africa.
The macro trend is even more evident on the ocean freight side. It would be fair to say the shipping lines have made the most of current circumstances by increasing rates by as much as 400% in some cases. Unfortunately, the airline industry is starting to follow suit in this regard.
The truth is it’s not going to be easy for South African businesses and consumers.
At BIL we are determined to supply our clients with as much information as possible about these global trends to help them plan, though the coronavirus remains highly unpredictable and even the best-laid plans will require adjustments.
While we have seen some gradual improvements recently, the supply chain situation is still nowhere near where it’s supposed to be.
At the local level, negotiating Transnet’s low productivity numbers and decades-long maintenance issues remains problematic, though some new challenges have also arisen. For one, Durban is now experiencing strong winds that you would normally only associate with Coega and Cape Town. For another, Transnet recently introduced a new truck booking system that is still not working effectively.
Rail also remains a huge problem in South Africa. Not being able to move your cargo by rail means there is a backlog of trucks in the ports. Another obstacle is vandalism, particularly on the Durban to Johannesburg and Pretoria to Cape Town rail networks.
In the past year, our industry has also faced a horrific situation on South Africa’s borders where trucks have been backed up for kilometres. Thankfully the chaos at the Beitbridge border was eventually remedied, but now problems have developed on the border between South Africa and Mozambique.
On the plus side, this is getting high-level attention from the government, industry bodies and other role players and, in fact, the same role players who sorted out the Beitbridge backlog are on the case here as well.
What is important to note is that demand for goods remains high despite the impact of the pandemic. By no means has it come to a standstill. Our clients have reported that even unusual commodities are selling out as soon as they arrive.
It is one of the reasons why South Africa can simply ill-afford truckers blocking the highways. Not only do the protests against foreign drivers operating on our roads open the way for retaliatory protests in their own countries, but these operators offer cheaper rates, thereby benefiting our consumers.
Particularly in light of the African Continental Free Trade Area, it’s not simply a matter of trading goods; you are also trading services and transport is very much a part of the trade in services.
While we understand that we should preserve jobs in South Africa, we need to look at the bigger picture.
It may sound strange to suggest some good has come out of Covid-19, it cannot be denied that we have learnt so much about the importance of data in our industry. Since the outbreak, the South African Association of Freight Forwarders has started to accumulate a lot more data, which has resulted in us cooperating with each other to share information.
It has allowed us to compile and issue reports on a range of aspects, such as cargo, what’s happening in the global market and on the oceans, the availability of capacity, the volume of containers coming in or out, airfreight volumes and exports, and domestic airfreight.
If you have data you can work effectively with the department of transport or Sars and other governmental organisations. For example, you can identify port health, establishing how long it takes between the ship docking and the time it’s released.
Data has become crucial. This is why it is so important that we embrace technology and learn how to live with it. In the future, we will need technology-based skills, as there will be a lot more focus on global standards.
The world is once more looking at Africa as a potential growth market, so we need to be on top of our game.